There is a rapidly growing literature on coproduction. We have chosen to share the resources and the reseach projects that the different Community of Practices are using. 

Peer-reviewed Publications

Batalden P. Getting more health from healthcare: quality improvement must acknowledge patient coproductionexternal link, opens in new window. BMJ 2018.

Batalden M, Batalden P, Margolis P, et al. Coproduction of healthcare serviceexternal link, opens in new window. BMJ Quality & Safety 2016.

Kremer JA, Van Der Eijk M, Aarts JW, et al. The individual formerly known as patientexternal link, opens in new window. Minerva Med 2011.

Nelson EC, Dixon-Woods M, Batalden PB, et al. Patient focused registries can improve health, care, and scienceexternal link, opens in new window. BMJ 2016.

Elwyn G, Nelson E, Hager A, et al. Coproduction: when users define qualityexternal link, opens in new window. BMJ Quality & Safety 2019.

Radl-Karimi C, Nicolaisen A, Sodemann M, et al. Coproduction of healthcare service with immigrant patients: protocol of a scoping reviewexternal link, opens in new window. BMJ Open 2018.


Short videos

What is the evidence base for co-design? Who benefits?


How do patients and staff experience co-design in context of healthcare quality improvement?


Patients and staff as co-designers of healthcare services


What is experience-based co-design?

What is coproduction?

Investigators at Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA) and at Radboud University Medical Center in Nijmegen, Netherlands are finishing a multi-year study to explore how the integration of social and healthcare service helps persons with congestive heart failure. Specifically, they looked at the ways in which these integrated (social and healthcare) services enhanced the coproduction of service. As part of the effort they produced this somewhat humorous introduction to the idea of "coproduction" using the making of a custom sandwich as a metaphor.

Reframing healthcare services through a coproduction lens.

Below, the RHeLaunCh team details their efforts to reframe healthcare services through the lens of coproduction by reflecting on what they had learned together--as "coproduction" investigators, as "integrated (social and healthcare) service" investigators, from patients and their families and from the different ways that payment works at the level of an individual person struggling with both their illness and their treatment burdens.

Content updated 2019-10-15